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Autoimmune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Names

 


Description

Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura
ATP
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (may include cases that are not autoimmune)
ITP

Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (ATP) is an autoimmune disorder that can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding. The bleeding results from unusually low levels of platelets. 

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Prevalence

Cases in the US: ~ 30,400
Rate: 0.0095%
Source: Prevalence of immune thrombocytopenia: analyses of administrative data

Typical Age of onset

Childhood - Age 3
Adult - 35

Symptoms

  • Widespread petechiae and ecchymoses, oozing from a venipuncture site 
  • Gingival bleeding 
  • Rupturing blisters
  • Headache,
  • Blurred vision 
  • Drowsiness, or loss of consciousness

Sources:  Mayo Clinic, Healthline