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Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Names 

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
Chronic relapsing polyneuropathy

Description

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a rare neurological disease that inflames the nerve roots and peripheral nerves, damaging the myelin sheath. The destruction of the myelin sheath leads to loss of strength or sensation.

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Prevalence

US cases: 16,000 - 22, 400
Source: National Organization for Rare Disorders

Typical Age of onset

50

Symptoms

  • Weakness of muscles around the hip, shoulder, hands, and feet
  • Impaired coordination, numbness, tingling, loss of or abnormal sensations
  • Fatigue, burning, pain, clumsiness, difficulty swallowing, and double vision
  • Deep tendon reflexes are reduced or absent
  • Abnormal walking and responses to sensory stimuli will be impaired

Source: National Organization for Rare Disorders