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Giant cell arteritis

Names 

Cranial arteritis
Giant cell erteritis
Granulomatous arteritis
Horton’s disease
Temporal arteritis

Description

Giant cell arteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the arteries that typically affects the arteries in the head. Giant cell arteritis can frequently cause headaches, scalp tenderness, jaw pain and vision problems.

Patient Groups

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Prevalence

US Cases: ~230,000
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism

Typical Age of onset

Mostly occurs in adults between the ages of  70 - 80.

Symptoms

  • Persistent, severe head pain, usually in your temple area
  • Jaw pain when you chew or open your mouth wide
  • Scalp tenderness
  • Fever
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Vision loss or double vision, especially in those who also have jaw pain
  • Sudden, permanent loss of vision in one eye

Source: Mayo Clinic