Graves' disease


Autoimmune hyperthyroidism
Basedow disease
Diffuse toxic goiter
Graves' disease


Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid disorder that leads to an overproduction of thyroid hormones.


About 3 million people
Source: Endocrine

Typical Age of onset



  • Anxiety and irritability
  • A fine tremor of hands or fingers
  • Warm, moist skin
  • Palpitations
  •  Intolerance to heat
  •  Increase in perspiration
  • Weight loss, despite normal eating habits
  • Enlargement of your thyroid gland (goiter)
  • Changes in menstrual cycle
  • Erectile dysfunction or reduced libido
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Fatigue
  • Bulging eyes (Graves' ophthalmopathy)
  • Thick, red skin on the shins or tops of the feet (Graves' dermopathy)

Graves' ophthalmopathy: Around 30 percent of people with Graves' disease display signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy. The signs and symptoms may include:

  •  Bulging eyes (exophthalmos)
  •  Double vision
  •  Vision loss
  •  Gritty sensation in the eyes
  •  Pressure or pain in the eyes
  •  Puffy or retracted eyelids
  •  Reddened or inflamed eyes
  •  Light sensitivity

Source: Mayo Clinic