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Graves' disease

Names 

Autoimmune hyperthyroidism
Basedow disease
Diffuse toxic goiter
Graves' disease

Description

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid disorder that leads to an overproduction of thyroid hormones.

Prevalence

About 3 million people
Source: Endocrine

Typical Age of onset

20-50 

Symptoms

  • Anxiety and irritability

  • A fine tremor of hands or fingers

  • Warm, moist skin

  • Palpitations

  • Intolerance to heat

  • Increase in perspiration

  • Weight loss, despite normal eating habits

  • Enlargement of your thyroid gland (goiter)

  • Changes in menstrual cycle

  • Erectile dysfunction or reduced libido

  • Frequent bowel movements

  • Fatigue

  • Bulging eyes (Graves' ophthalmopathy)

  • Thick, red skin on the shins or tops of the feet (Graves' dermopathy)

Graves' ophthalmopathy: Around 30 percent of people with Graves' disease display signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy. The signs and symptoms may include:

  • Bulging eyes (exophthalmos)

  • Double vision

  • Vision loss

  • Gritty sensation in the eyes

  • Pressure or pain in the eyes

  • Puffy or retracted eyelids

  • Reddened or inflamed eyes

  • Light sensitivity

Source: Mayo Clinic