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Neuromyelitis Optica

Names 

Devic's disease (or Syndrome)
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum Disorder
Neuromyelitis optica
NMO
optic neuromyelitis
opticomyelitis
opticospinal MS

Description

Damage caused by the autoimmune system to the myelin (covering surrounding nerves) of the optical nerves and spine, which affects vision and may also result in other neurological symptoms.

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Prevalence

US cases: ~16,000
Source: Orphanet

Typical Age of onset

May begin either in childhood or adulthood

Symptoms

  • Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve)
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Eye pain
  • Visual loss in one or both eyes
  • Paralysis
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Persistent hiccups, nausea, or vomiting

Source: National Organization for Rare Disorders

References

WebMD
Mayo clinic
Medscape

Profile by Gin Jones