`

Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome

Names

PANDAS
PANS
Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder associated with Streptococcus

Description

Both PANDAS and PANS are diseases of children and adolescents marked by obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and tic disorder symptoms that begins after a bacterial infection.  If the condition starts after a streptococcus infection, it is called PANDAS. PANS is associated with infection triggered autoimmune responses that attack normal body tissues by mistaking them for similar infectious agents.

Prevalence

An estimate of 160,000,000 children are affected in the U.S.
Source:PANDAS Network

Typical Age of onset

Age 3-12

Note: The potential for strep reactions rapidly declines after age 12, but it is recognized that PANDAS could, although very unlikely, develop in adolescents. It is highly unlikely an adult would experience PANDAS symptoms for the first time, although it has not been studied.

Symptoms

Primary:

Rapid onset of OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) and tic like symptoms following a strep infection.

Secondary:

  • ADHD
  • Separation Anxiety
  • Mood changes
  • Bed wetting or increase in urine frequency during the daytime
  • Changes in fine/gross motor skills
  • Joint pain
  • Sleep disturbance

Source: MedicineNet

References